General Facts

Area: 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq miles)

Capital City: Algiers

Population: 40,400,000 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Arabic, Berber

Boarding Countries: Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania

Coastline: 998 km (620 miles) 

Currency: Dinar (DZD)

Government: Semi-Presidential People's Republic


Northern Algeria lies within the temperate zone, and its climate is similar to that of other Mediterranean countries, although the diversity of the relief provides sharp contrasts in temperature. The coastal region has a pleasant climate, with winter temperatures averaging from 10° to 12°c (50° to 54°f) and average summer temperatures ranging from 24° to 26°c (75° to 79°f). Rainfall in this region is abundant—38 to 69 cm (15 to 27 in) per year, and up to 100 cm (40 in) in the eastern part. Farther inland, the climate changes; winters average 4° to 6°c (39° to 43°f), with considerable frost and occasional snow on the massifs; summers average 26° to 28°c (79° to 82°f). In the Sahara Desert, temperatures range from -10° to 34°c (14° to 93°f), with extreme highs of 49°c (120°f). There are daily variations of more than 44°c (80°f). Winds are frequent and violent. Rainfall is irregular and unevenly distributed.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Algiers (1,977,663)

2. Boumerdas (786,499)

3. Oran (645,984)

4. Tebessa (634,332)

5. Constantine (450,097)