Argentina

General Facts

Area: 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq miles)

Capital City: Buenos Aires

Population: 43,847,430 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Spanish

Boarding Countries: Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay

Coastline: 4,989 km (3,100 miles)

Currency: Peso (ARS)

Government: Constitutional Republic

Climate

Argentina's climate is generally temperate, but there are great variations, from the extreme heat of the northern Chaco region, through the pleasant mild climate of the central pampas, to the subantarctic cold of the glacial regions of southern Patagonia. The highest temperature, 49°c (120°f), was recorded in the extreme north, and the lowest,–16°c (3°f), in the southern tip of the country. Rainfall diminishes from east to west. Rainfall at Buenos Aires averages 94 cm (37 in) annually, and the mean annual temperature is 16°c (61°f). Light snowfalls occur occasionally in Buenos Aires. Throughout Argentina, January is the warmest month and June and July are the coldest. 

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Buenos Aires (2,890,151)

2. Cordoba (1,317,298)

3. Rosario (1,193,605)

4. La Plata (643,133)

5. Mar del Plata (593,337)