Area: 29,743 km2 (11,484 sq miles)
Capital City: Yerevan
Population: 2,927,816 (2016 estimate)
Official Languages: Armenian
Boarding Countries: Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran
Currency: Dram (AMD)
Government: Semi-Presidential Republic
Armenia's climate ranges from subtropical to alpine-like in the mountains. The mean temperature in midsummer is 25°c (77°f). In midwinter, the mean temperature is 0°c (32°f). Rainfall is infrequent. The capital city receives 33 cm of rain annually (13 in), though more rainfall occurs in the mountains.