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General Facts

Area: 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq miles)

Capital City: Vienna

Population: 8,823,054 (2018 estimate)

Official Languages: German

Boarding Countries: Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia

Coastline: None

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Parliamentary Republic


Climatic conditions depend on location and altitude. Temperatures range from an average of about -7 to -1°c (20 to 30°f) in winter to about 18 to 24°c (65 to 75°f) in July. Rainfall ranges from more than 102 cm (50 in) annually in the western mountains to less than 66 cm (26 in) in the driest region, near Vienna. Austria is one of Europe's most heavily wooded countries, with 47% of its area under forests. 

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Vienna (1,840,573)

2. Graz (273,838)

3. Linz (198,181)

4. Salzburg (148,420)

5. Innsbruck (126,851)

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