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General Facts

Area: 765.3 km2 (295.5 sq miles)

Capital City: Manama

Population: 1,425,171 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Arabic 

Boarding Countries: None (Island)

Coastline: 161 km (100 miles)

Currency: Bahraini Dollar (BHD)

Government: Constitutional Monarchy


Summers in Bahrain are hot and humid, and winters are relatively cool. Daily average temperatures in July range from a minimum of 29°c (84°f) to a maximum of 37°c (99°f); the January minimum is 14°c (57°f), the maximum 20°c (68°f). Rainfall averages less than 10 cm (4 in) annually and occurs mostly from December to March. Prevailing southeast winds occasionally raise dust storms.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Manama (147,074)

2. Al Muharraq (97,458)

3. Ar Rifa (79,550)

4. Dar Kulayb (65,466)

5. Madinat Hamad (52,718)

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