Belize

General Facts

Area: 22,966 km2 (8,867 sq miles)

Capital City: Belmopan

Population: 387,879 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: English, Spanish, Belizean Creole, Garifuna, Mayan Languages

Boarding Countries: Mexico, Guatemala

Coastline: 386 km (240 miles)

Currency: Belize Dollar (BZD)

Government: Constitutional Monarchy

Climate

The climate is subtropical and humid, tempered by predominant northeast trade winds that keep temperatures between 16–32°c (61–90°f) in the coastal region; inland temperatures are slightly higher. Annual rainfall averages vary from 127 cm (50 in) in the north to more than 380 cm (150 in) in the south. There is a dry season from February to May and another dry spell in August. Hurricanes occur from July to October.

Five Largest Cities: 

1. Belize City (60,963)

2. San Ignacio/Santa Elena (20,582)

3. Belmopan (19,458)

4. San Pedro (16,444)

5. Orange Walk Town (13,687 )