Benin

General Facts

Area: 114,763 km2 (44,310 sq miles)

Capital City: Porto-Novo

Population: 10,872,298 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: French

Boarding Countries: Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria

Coastline: 121 km (75 miles) 

Currency: West African CFA Franc (XOF)

Government: Presidential Constitutional Republic

Climate

South of Savalou, especially in the west, the climate is typically equatorial—hot and humid, with a long dry season from December to March, in which the dry harmattan blows in a northeasterly to southwesterly direction. Temperatures range between 22°c (72°f) and 35°c (95°f), with the average 27°c (81°f). The great rains fall from March to July; there is a short dry season from July to September and a short wet season from mid-September to mid-November. In the southwest, average rainfall is considerably lower and the dry season longer. Northern Benin has only one wet season (May to September, with most rain in August) and a hot dry season in which the harmattan blows for three or four months. Temperatures range from a maximum of 40°c (104°f) in January to a minimum of 13°c (56°f) in June.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Cotonou (780,000)

2. Abomey-Calavi (385,755)

3. Djougou (237,040)

4. Porto-Novo (234,168)

5. Parakou (163,753)