Bosnia and Herzegovina

General Facts

Area: 51,129 km2 (19,741 sq miles)

Capital City: Sarajevo

Population: 3,531,159 (2013 census)

Official Languages: None at federal level; National Languages are Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Boarding Countries: Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro

Coastline: 20 km (12 miles)

Currency: Convertible Mark (BAM)

Government: Constitutional Republic


The climate features hot summers and cold winters. In higher elevations of the country, summers tend to be short and cold while winters tend to be long and severe. Along the coast, winters tend to be short and rainy. In July, the mean temperature is 22.5°c (72.5°f). January's mean temperature is 0°c (32°f). Annual rainfall averages roughly 62.5 cm (24.6 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Sarajevo (696,731)

2. Banja Luka (221,106)

3. Zenica (164,423)

4. Tuzla (142,486)

5. Mostar (104,518)