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General Facts

Area: 8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq miles)

Capital City: Brasilia

Population: 208,733,102 (2018 estimate)

Official Languages: Portuguese

Boarding Countries: Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Uruguay, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana

Coastline: 7,491 km (4,655 miles)

Currency: Real (BRL)

Government: Constitutional Republic


Brazil is a huge country and has different climates, although it can be divided into three main climatic regions: equatorial, with year-round rains (the Amazon Basin plus a small coastal area), tropical with a dry season, (the vast central area, plus a small northern portion), and finally almost Mediterranean, with temperate winters and hot summers (the extreme south). Northern Brazil is crossed by the Equator, so that south of the Equator, that is, in much of the country, the seasons are reversed in comparison with Europe or North America. In the tropical zone, the rainy season is almost always the austral summer. 

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Sao Paulo (12,038,175)

2. Rio de Janeiro (6,498,837)

3. Brasilia (2,977,216)

4. Salvador (2,938,092)

5. Fortaleza (2,609,716)

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