General Facts

Area: 5,765 km2 (2,226 sq miles)

Capital City: Bandar Seri Begawan

Population: 417,200 (2015 estimate)

Official Languages: Malay 

Boarding Countries: Malaysia

Coastline: 161 km (100 miles)

Currency: Brunei Dollar (BND)

Government: Islamic Absolute Monarchy


The climate in Brunei is tropical equatorial and humid subtropical at higher altitudes with heavy rainfall. Bandar Seri Begawan's climate is tropical equatorial with two seasons. Dry season is extremely hot (24 to 36 °C or 75.2 to 96.8 °F). Wet or rainy season is generally warm and wet (20 to 28 °C or 68.0 to 82.4 °F). Most of the country is a flat coastal plain with mountains in the east and hilly lowland in the west.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Bandar Seri Begawan (64,409)

2. Kuala Belait (31,178)

3. Seria (30,097)

4. Tutong (19,151)

5. Kapok (4,337)