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Cabo Verde 

General Facts

Area: 4,033 km2 (1,557 sq miles)

Capital City: Praia

Population: 539,560 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Portuguese

Boarding Countries: None (Island)

Coastline: 965 km (600 miles) 

Currency: Cape Verdean Escudo (CVE)

Government: Semi-Presidential Republic


A cold Atlantic current produces an arid atmosphere around the archipelago. There are two seasons: December–June is cool and dry, with temperatures at sea level averaging 21°c (70°f); July–November is warmer, with temperatures averaging 27°c (81°f). Although some rain comes during the latter season, rainfall is sparse overall. Accumulations are generally around 13 cm (5 in) annually in the northern islands and 30 cm (12 in) in the south. The archipelago is subject to cyclical droughts.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Praia (113,364)

2. Mindelo (70,611)

3. Santa Maria (17,231)

4. Cova Figueira (15,350)

5. Santa Cruz (9,488)

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