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General Facts

Area: 475,422 km2 (183,569 sq miles)

Capital City: Yaounde

Population: 23,439,189 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: French, English

Boarding Countries: Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea

Coastline: 402 km (250 miles) 

Currency: Central African CFA Franc (XAF)

Government: Presidential Republic


The southern and northern regions of the country are two distinct climatic areas. On the coast, the average annual rainfall ranges between 250 and 400 cm (100 and 160 in); in the inland south, between 150 and 250 cm (60 and 100 in). The western slopes of Mt. Cameroon receive 600 to 900 cm (240 to 350 in) a year. The mean temperature ranges from 22° to 29°c (72° to 84°f) along the coast. In the south there are two dry seasons, November to March and June to August. The northern part of the country has a more comfortable climate. Total rainfall drops from 150 cm (60 in) a year in the central plateau to 60 cm (24 in) northward near Lake Chad, and the mean temperature ranges from 23° to 26°c (73° to 79°f), although it can reach 50°c (122°f) in the far north. The dry season in the north is from October to March.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Douala (1,338,082)

2. Yaounde (1,299,369)

3. Garoua (436,899)

4. Kousseri (435,547)

5. Bamenda (393,835)

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