General Facts

Area: 109,884 km2 (42,426 sq miles)

Capital City: Havana

Population: 11,239,224 (2016 census)

Official Languages: Spanish

Boarding Countries: Guantanamo Bay (USA)

Coastline: 5,746 km (3,570 miles)

Currency: Peso (CUP)

Government: One Party Socialist Republic


Except in the mountains, the climate of Cuba is semitropical or temperate. The average minimum temperature is 21°c (70°f), the average maximum 27°c (81°f). The mean temperature at Havana is about 25°c (77°f). Cuba has a rainy season from May to October. The mountain areas have an average precipitation of more than 180 cm (70 in); most of the lowland area have from 90 to 140 cm (35–55 in) annually. Droughts are common. Cuba's eastern coast is often hit by hurricanes from August to October, resulting in great economic loss.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Havana (2,130,081)

2. Santiago de Cuba (433,099)

3. Camaguey (306,183)

4. Holguin (294,002)

5. Guantanamo (216,609)