top of page


General Facts

Area: 23,200 km2 (9,000 sq miles)

Capital City: Djibouti

Population: 942,333 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Arabic, French, Somali

Boarding Countries: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia

Coastline: 314 km (195 miles) 

Currency: Djiboutian Franc (DJF)

Government: Presidential Republic


The climate is torrid, and rainfall is sparse and erratic. During the hot season, from May to September, daytime temperatures in the capital average 31°c (87°f) and the northeastern monsoon blows. During the warm season, from October to April, average daytime temperatures moderate to 37°c (99°f). Humidity is high all year, but annual rainfall averages less than 13 cm (5 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Djibouti (623,891)

2. Danan (40,074)

3. Ali Sabih (40,074)

4. Tadjoura (22,193)

5. Obock (17,776)

bottom of page