Ecuador

General Facts

Area: 283,561 km2 (109,484 sq miles)

Capital City: Quito

Population: 16,385,068 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Spanish

Boarding Countries: Peru, Colombia

Coastline: 2,237 km (1,390 miles)

Currency: US Dollar (USD)

Government: Constitutional Republic

Climate

The climate varies with the region. Most of the coast consists of wet, tropical forest, increasingly humid toward the north. In the Guayaquil area there are two seasons: a hot rainy period, lasting from January to May; and a cooler dry season, during the rest of the year. The tropical forests of the Oriente, east of the Andes, are more humid than the coast; there, temperatures are high, and rain falls all year round. The climate of the central plateau is governed mainly by the altitude. The capital, Quito, at 2,850 m (9,350 ft), has perpetual spring, with an average temperature of 13°c (55°f) and about 127 cm (50 in) of rainfall annually. The highlands are cut by numerous deep valleys, which bring subtropical climates to within a few miles of the more temperate areas. The higher areas rise to peaks above 5,200 m (17,000 ft) that are perpetually covered with snow.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Guayaquil (2,278,691)

2. Quito (1,607,734)

3. Cuenca (329,928)

4. Santo Domingo (270,875)

5. Machala (231,260)