top of page


General Facts

Area: 117,600 km2 (45,400 sq miles)

Capital City: Asmara

Population: 4,954,645 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: No Official Languages, but the working languages are Tigrinya, Arabic, English

Boarding Countries: Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti

Coastline: 2,234 km (1,388 miles) 

Currency: Nakfa (ERN)

Government: One-Party Presidential Republic


Highs of 60°c (140°f) are not uncommon in the Danakil Depression in Eritrea's southernmost province, Denkalia. This is reportedly the hottest spot in the world. It is cooler and wetter in the central highlands. The western hills and lowlands are semiarid. Heavy rainfall occurs during June, July, and August, except in the coastal desert.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Asmara (563,930)

2. Keren (74,800)

3. Massawa (23,100)

4. Assab (21,300)

5. Mendefera (17,781)

bottom of page