France

General Facts

Area: 640,679 km2 (247,368 sq miles)

Capital City: Paris

Population: 67,201,000 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: French

Boarding Countries: Spain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy

Coastline: 3,427 km (2,130 miles) 

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Constitutional Republic

Climate

Three types of climate may be found within France: oceanic, continental, and Mediterranean. The oceanic climate, prevailing in the western parts of the country, is one of small temperature range, ample rainfall, cool summers, and cool but seldom very cold winters. The continental (transition) type of climate, found over much of eastern and central France, is characterized by warmer summers and colder winters than areas farther west; rainfall is ample, and winters tend to be snowy, especially in the higher areas. The Mediterranean climate, widespread throughout the south of France (except in the mountainous southwest), is one of cool winters, hot summers, and limited rainfall. The mean temperature is about 11°c (53°f) at Paris and 15°c (59°f) at Nice. In central and southern France, annual rainfall is light to moderate, ranging from about 68 cm (27 in) at Paris to 100 cm (39 in) at Bordeaux. Rainfall is heavy in Brittany, the northern coastal areas, and the mountainous areas, where it reaches more than 112 cm (44 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Paris (2,229,621)

2. Marseille (855,393)

3. Lyon (500,715)

4. Toulouse (458,298)

5. Nice (342,295)