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General Facts

Area: 267,667 km2 (103,347 sq miles)

Capital City: Libreville

Population: 1,979,786 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: French

Boarding Countries: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of the Congo

Coastline: 885 km (550 miles) 

Currency: Central African Franc (XAF)

Government: Presidential Republic


Gabon has the moist, hot climate typical of tropical regions. The hottest month is January, with an average high at Libreville of 31°c (88°f) and an average low of 23°c (73°f). Average July temperatures in the capital range between 20° and 28°c (68° and 82°f). From June to September there is virtually no rain but high humidity; there is occasional rain in December and January. During the remaining months, rainfall is heavy. At Libreville, the average annual rainfall is more than 254 cm (100 in). Farther north on the coast, it is 381 cm (150 in).


Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Libreville (578,156)

2. Port-Gentil (109,163)

3. Franceville (42,967)

4. Oyem (30,870)

5. Moanda (30,151)

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