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General Facts

Area: 357,168 km2 (137,903 sq miles)

Capital City: Berlin

Population: 82,800,00 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: German

Boarding Countries: France, Luxembourg, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Czechia, Austria, Swizerland

Coastline: 2,389 km (1,484 miles) 

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Parliamentary Republic


In most of Germany, the climate is moderately continental, with cold winters, in which the daily average temperature is around 0 °C (32 °F) or slightly higher, and warm summers, when the maximum temperature is about 22/24 °C (72/75 °F) in July and August. The northernmost area is slightly milder, but also rainier and windier, because of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean. Germany's climate is unstable, and can experience remarkable changes and different meteorological situations, such as cold, heat, wind, fog, snow and thunderstorms. In Hamburg, 775 mm (30.5 in) of rain or snow fall per year, well distributed over the seasons, although there is a relative minimum in spring, and a maximum in summer and autumn.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Berlin (3,520,031)

2. Hamburg (1,787,408)

3. Munich (1,450,381)

4. Cologne (1,060,582)

5. Frankfurt (732,688)

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