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General Facts

Area: 239,567 km2 (92,497 sq miles)

Capital City: Accra

Population: 27,043,093 (2014 estimate)

Official Languages: English

Boarding Countries: Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Togo

Coastline: 539 km (335 miles) 

Currency: Ghana Cedi (GHS)

Government: Presidential Constitutional Republic


The climate is tropical but relatively mild for the latitude. Climatic differences between various parts of the country are affected by the sun's journey north or south of the equator and the corresponding position of the intertropical convergence zone, the boundary between the moist southwesterly winds and the dry northeasterly winds. Except in the north, there are two rainy seasons, from April through June and from September to November. Squalls occur in the north during March and April, followed by occasional rain until August and September, when the rainfall reaches its peak. Average temperatures range between 21–32°c (70–90°f), with relative humidity between 50% and 80%. Rainfall ranges from 83–220 cm (33–87 in) a year. No temperature lower than 10°c (50°f) has ever been recorded in Ghana.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Accra (1,963,264)

2. Kumasi (1,468,609)

3. Tamale (360,579)

4. Takoradze (232,919)

5. Achiaman (202,932)

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