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General Facts

Area: 131,957 km2 (50,949 sq miles)

Capital City: Athens

Population: 10,768,477 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: Greek

Boarding Countries: Turkey, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania

Coastline: 13,676 km (8,498 miles) 

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Parliamentary Republic


The climate of Greece is Mediterranean with summers that are usually hot and dry, and the winters that can be quiet cold and wet. The upper part of Greece can be very cold during the winter and snow is not uncommon. However, for the south of Greece and the islands, the winters will be milder. During the winter much of Greece may have snow, and much snowfall can be expected in the higher mountains of Greece. Summers in Greece are usually very hot, and in July and August temperatures usually reach 30 to 35°C, but sometimes even 40°C and more. It is recommended in these temperatures to stay out of the sun from 11.00 to 14.00 when the sun it at its strongest.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Athens (3,090,508)

2. Thessaloniki (788,952)

3. Patras (213,984)

4. Heraklion (173,993)

5. Larissa (162,591)

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