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General Facts

Area: 377,972 km2 (145,936 sq miles)

Capital City: Tokyo

Population: 126,672,000 (2017 census)

Official Languages: Japanese 

Boarding Countries: None (island)

Coastline: 29,751 km (18,486 miles)

Currency: Yen (JPY)

Government: Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy


Japan is located at the northeastern edge of the Asian monsoon climate belt, which brings much rain to the country. Throughout the year, there is fairly high humidity, with average rainfall ranging by area from 100 cm to over 250 cm (39–98 in). Autumn weather is usually clear and bright. Winters tend to be warmer than in similar latitudes except in the north and west, where snowfalls are frequent and heavy. Spring is usually pleasant, and the summer hot and humid. There is a rainy season that moves from south to north during June and July. Average temperature ranges from 17°c (63°f) in the southern portions to 9°c (48°f) in the extreme north. Hokkaidō has long and severe winters with extensive snow, while the remainder of the country enjoys milder weather down to the southern regions, which are almost subtropical. 

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Tokyo (8,336,599)

2. Yokohama (3,574,443)

3. Osaka (2,592,413)

4. Nagoya (2,191,279)

5. Sapporo (1,883,027)

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