Laos

General Facts

Area: 237,955 km2 (91,875 sq miles)

Capital City: Vientiane

Population: 6,758,353 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Lao 

Boarding Countries: China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar (Burma)

Coastline: None

Currency: Kip (LAK)

Government: Marxist-Leninist One-Party Socialist Republic

Climate

The climate of Laos is tropical in most of the plains, while it's subtropical in the far north and in the mountains, besides it's governed by the monsoons: the winter monsoon, which brings good weather and a bit of cool at night from November to February, and the summer monsoon, which brings humidity and rainfall from May to the beginning or the middle of October. The period from March to May, before the rains, is the hottest of the year, and it is still dry, but with some thunderstorms in the afternoon; the summer months are less hot, with highs around 30/32 °C (86/90 °F), but with higher moisture. April is the hottest month, with average highs about 35 °C (95 °F), but with peaks of 40/42 °C (104/108 °F) in the center-south, and even 45 °C (113 °F) in the north. During winter, nights are cool in the north, around 14/15 °C (57/59 °F) from December to February in Luang Prabang, but with peaks near the freezing point; highs are around 27/28 °C (81/82 °F) in December and January, while as early as in February they reach 31 °C (88 °F). Sometimes during the day it can get hot even in winter. 

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Vientiane (196,731)

2. Pakse (88,332)

3. Thakhek (85,000)

4. Savannakhet (66,553)

5. Luang Prabang (47,378)