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General Facts

Area: 64,589 km2 (24,938 sq miles)

Capital City: Riga

Population: 1,953,200 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Latvian

Boarding Countries: Russia, Estonia, Lithuania

Coastline: 531 km (330 miles)   

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Constitutional Republic


The country's climate is influenced by geographical location and by its closeness to the North Atlantic Ocean. The average temperature in July is between 16.8°c and 17.6°c (62–64°f). In January the average temperature ranges between–2.8°c and 6.6°c (31–44°f). The rainfall in the country is between 56–79 cm (22–31 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Almaty (1,328,362)

2. Shymkent (454,583)

3. Karagandy (451,800)

4. Taraz (398,233)

5. Astana (389,189)

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