Area: 2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq miles)
Capital City: Luxembourg City
Population: 590,667 (2017 estimate)
Official Languages: Luxembourgish, French, German
Boarding Countries: German, France, Belgium
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Luxembourg's climate is temperate and mild. Summers are generally cool, with a mean temperature of about 17°c (63°f); winters are seldom severe, average temperature being about 0°c (32°f). The high peaks of the Ardennes in the north shelter the country from rigorous north winds, and the prevailing northwesterly winds have a cooling effect. Rainfall is plentiful in the extreme southwest; precipitation throughout the country averages about 75 cm (30 in) annually.