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General Facts

Area: 298 km2 (115 sq miles)

Capital City: Male

Population: 427,756 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Maldivian 

Boarding Countries: None (island)

Coastline: 644 km (400 miles)

Currency: Maldivian Rufiyaa (MVR)

Government: Presidential Constitutional Republic


The Maldives' equatorial climate is generally hot and humid, with a mean temperature of about 27°c (81°f). The weather during the northeast monsoon (November–March) is mild and pleasant; the southwest monsoon (June–August) is violent and very rainy. The northern atolls are subject to more violent storms than those in the south. Annual rainfall in the south averages about 380 cm (150 in); in the north, 250 cm (100 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Male (103,693)

2. Fuvahmulah (11,140)

3. Hithadhoo (9,927)

4. Kulhudhuffushi (9,500)

5. Thinadhoo (6,376)

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