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General Facts

Area: 316 km2 (122 sq miles)

Capital City: Valletta

Population: 445,426 (2014 estimate)

Official Languages: Maltese

Boarding Countries: None (Island)

Coastline: 253 km (157 miles)   

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Parliamentary Republic


The climate is typically Mediterranean, with fairly hot, dry summers and rainy, mild winters. The average winter temperature is 9°c (48°f); the average summer temperature, 31°c (88°f). Rainfall occurs mostly between November and January and averages about 56 cm (22 in) per year.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Birkirkara (21,676)

2. Qormi (18,230)

3. Mosta (17,789)

4. Zabbar (15,030)

5. San Pawl il-Banar (14,057)

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