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General Facts

Area: 33,846 km2 (13,068 sq miles)

Capital City: Chisinau

Population: 2,998,235 (2014 census)

Official Languages: Romanian

Boarding Countries: Ukraine, Romania

Coastline: None   

Currency: Leu (MDL)

Government: Constitutional Republic


The climate is of the humid continental type. The country is exposed to northerly cold winds in the winter and moderate westerly winds in the summer. The average temperature in July is 20°c (68°f). The average temperature in January is -4°c (24°f). Rainfall averages 58 cm (22.8 in) a year.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Chisinau (644,204)

2. Tiraspol (129,500)

3. Balti (102,457)

4. Bender (91,000)

5. Ribnita (46,000)

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