General Facts

Area: 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq miles)

Capital City: Rabat

Population: 33,848,242 (2014 census)

Official Languages: Arabic, Berber

Boarding Countries: Algeria, Mauritania

Coastline: 1,835 km (1,440 miles) 

Currency: Moroccan Dirham (MAD)

Government: Constitutional Monarchy

Climate

In Morocco the climate is Mediterranean on the coasts, while it's desert in inland areas, and continental in the highest mountains. The Atlantic coast enjoys a mild climate, similar to that of the Mediterranean, but even milder. Winters look rather like spring, with long sunny periods, while summers are pleasantly warm and sunny. 
The rains are not abundant, however, from November to March they can sometimes be intense and concentrated in a few hours. In Agadir, the daily average temperature of January is 14 °C (57 °F), while that of July, August and September is 22 °C (72 °F). Although normal temperatures are mild, throughout the year, a hot wind from the interior can blow for a few days, bringing warm days in winter, with temperatures around 30 °C (86 °F), and torrid days in summer, with peaks above 40 °C (104 °F). In the southern part of the coast, rainfall is scarce, not reaching 250 mm (10 inches) per year, and occurs almost all from late autumn to early spring.

Morocco

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Casablanca (3,144,909)

2. Rabat (1,655,753)

3. Fes (964,891)

4. Sale (903,485)

5. Marrakesh (839,296)