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General Facts

Area: 147,181 km2 (58,827 sq miles)

Capital City: Kathmandu

Population: 28,982,771 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Nepali 

Boarding Countries: China, India

Coastline: None

Currency: Napalese Rupee (NPR)

Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic


Below the Kāthmāndu Valley and throughout the Terai, the climate is subtropical and, in the swamps and forests, extremely humid. The valley itself enjoys the temperate conditions generally found between altitudes of 1,200–3,400 m (4,000–11,000 ft). At 1,300 m (4,300 ft) above sea level, the elevation of Kāthmāndu, the rainy season lasts from June to October; 80% of annual precipitation falls during this monsoon season. Colder weather follows, lasting until the middle of March, when the warm season begins. The warm season increases in intensity until broken by the rains, which account for precipitation of about 150 cm (60 in) annually. Temperatures in Kāthmāndu in January range from an average minimum of 2°c (36°f) to an average maximum of 18°c (64°f); the July range is 20–29°c (68–84°f).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Kathmandu (1,442,271)

2. Pokhara (200,000)

3. Patan (183,310)

4. Biratnagar (182,324)

5. Birgunj (133,238)

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