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General Facts

Area: 343,448 km2 (132,606 sq miles)

Capital City: Manila

Population: 100,981,437 (2015 census)

Official Languages: Filipino, English  

Boarding Countries: None (island)

Coastline: 36,289 km (22,549 miles)

Currency: Peso (PHP)

Government: Presidential Constitutional Republic


The Philippine Islands, in general, have a maritime tropical climate and, except in the higher mountains, temperatures remain warm, the annual average ranging from about 23° to 32°c (73 to 90°f) throughout the archipelago. Daily average temperatures in Manila range from a minimum of 21°c (70°f) to a maximum of 30°c (86°f) in January and from 24°c (75°f) to 33°c (91°f) in June. Generally, the east coasts receive heavy winter rainfall and the west coasts heavy summer rainfall. Intermediate and southern locales receive lesser amounts more equally distributed. The average annual rainfall in the Philippines ranges from 96 to 406 cm (38 to 160 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Quezon City (2,761,720)

2. Mania (1,600,000)

3. Caloocan City (1,500,000)

4. Budta (1,273,715)

5. Davao City (1,212,504)

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