General Facts

Area: 92,212 km2 (35,603 sq miles)

Capital City: Lisbon

Population: 10,379,573 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Portuguese

Boarding Countries: Spain

Coastline: 1,794 km (1,115 miles) 

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic


In the north, an oceanic climate prevails: cool summers and rainy winters (average rainfall 125–150 cm/50–60 in annually), with occasional snowfall. Central Portugal has hot summers and cool, rainy winters, with 50–75 cm (20–30 in) average annual rainfall. The southern climate is very dry, with rainfall not exceeding 50 cm (20 in) along the coast. In Lisbon, the average temperature is about 24°c (75°f) in July and 4°c (39°f) in January. The annual mean temperature in Portugal is 16°c (61°f).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Lisbon (517,802)

2. Porto (249,633)

3. Amadora (178,858)

4. Braga (121,394)

5. Setubal (117,110)