Qatar

General Facts

Area: 11,581 km2 (4,471 sq miles)

Capital City: Doha

Population: 2,641,669 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: Arabic 

Boarding Countries: Saudi Arabia

Coastline: 563 km (350 miles)

Currency: Riyal (QAR)

Government: Constitiutional Monarchy

Climate

Qatar's summer, from May to October, is extremely hot. Mean temperatures in June are 42°c (108°f), dropping to 15°c (59°f) in winter. Humidity is high along the coast. Rainfall is minimal.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Doha (344,939)

2. Al Rayyan (272,465)

3. Umm Salal Muhammad (29,391)

4. Al Wakrah (26,436)

5. Al Khor (18,923)