Republic of Ireland

General Facts

Area: 70,273 km2 (27,133 sq miles)

Capital City: Dublin

Population: 4,761,865 (2016 census)

Official Languages: Irish - English

Boarding Countries: None (Island)

Coastline: 3,171 km (1,970 miles)  

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Government: Parliamentary Republic

Climate

The climate of Ireland is mild, moist and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes. As a small island downwind of a large ocean, the climate of Ireland is profoundly impacted by that ocean. January and February are the coldest months of the year, and mean daily air temperatures fall between 4 and 7 °C (39.2 and 44.6 °F) during these months. July and August are the warmest, with mean daily temperatures of 14 to 16 °C (57.2 to 60.8 °F), whilst mean daily maximums in July and August vary from 17 to 18 °C (62.6 to 64.4 °F) near the coast, to 19 to 20 °C (66.2 to 68.0 °F) inland. The sunniest months are May and June, with an average of five to seven hours sunshine per day.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Dublin (1,110,627)

2. Cork (198,582)

3. Limerick (91,454)

4. Galway (76,778)

5. Waterford (51,519)