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General Facts

Area: 17,075,200 km2 (6,592,800 sq miles)

Capital City: Moscow

Population: 144,526,636 (2018 estimate)

Official Languages: Russian

Boarding Countries: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, North Korea

Coastline: 37,653 km (23,397 miles) 

Currency: Russian Ruble (RUB)

Government: Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic


Because of its large size, this country has different types of climate, in general, the climate of Russia can be described as highly continental influenced climate with warm to hot dry summers and (very) cold winters with temperatures of -30°C and lower and sometimes heavy snowfall. sometimes very strong easterly winds, called Buran can occur, bringing freezing cold temperatures and snowstorms. Precipitation varies from region to region; the Western parts of Russia have the most rain (up to 750 mm), the southern and southeastern areas in the Russian Steppes are the Dryest with an annual average below 200 mm. The only area with a mild climate, which is sheltered from the winter frost, is the southern coast of the Black Sea, where the climate is almost Mediterranean, with mild and rainy winters, and warm and sunny summers, in which strong thunderstorms occur. 

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Moscow (10,381,222)

2. St Petersburg (5,028,000)

3. Novosibirsk (1,419,007)

4. Yekaterinburg (1,349,772)

5. Nizhny Novgorod (1,284,164)

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