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General Facts

Area: 26,338 km2 (10,169 sq miles)

Capital City: Kigali

Population: 11,262,564 (2015 estimate)

Official Languages: Kinyarwanda, English, French, Swahili

Boarding Countries: Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Coastline: None 

Currency: Rwandan Franc (RWF)

Government: Semi-Presidential Republic


The high altitude of Rwanda provides the country with a pleasant tropical highland climate, with a mean daily temperature range of less than 2°c (4°f). Temperatures vary considerably from region to region because of the variations in altitude. At Kigali, on the central plateau, the average temperature is 21°c (70°f). Rainfall is heaviest in the southwest and lightest in the east. A long rainy season lasts from February to May and a short one from November through December. At Gisovu, in the west, near Kibuye, annual rainfall averages 160 cm (63 in); at Gabiro, in the northeast, 78 cm (31 in); and at Butare, in the south, 115 cm (45 in).


Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Kigali (745,261)

2. Butare (88,600)

3. Gitarama (87,613)

4. Ruhengeri (86,685)

5. Gisenyi (83,623)

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