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General Facts

Area: 2,842 km2 (1,097 sq miles)

Capital City: Apia

Population: 192,342 (2016 census)

Official Languages: Samoan, English  

Boarding Countries: None (island)

Coastline: 403 km (250 miles)

Currency: Tala (WST)

Government: Parliamentary Democracy


The climate is tropical, but because of the oceanic surroundings, temperature ranges are not considerable. The hottest month is December, and the coldest is July; the mean daily temperature is about 27°c (81°f). The year is divided into a dry season (May to October) and a wet season (November to April). Rainfall averages 287 cm (113 in) annually, and the average yearly relative humidity is 83%. Although the islands lie outside the normal track of hurricanes, severe storms occurred in 1889, 1966, and 1968. Trade winds from the southeast are fairly constant throughout the dry season.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Apia (40,407)

2. Asau (6,643)

3. Mulifanua (4,508)

4. Faleula (2,592)

5. Siusega (2,226)

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