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General Facts

Area: 1,001 km2 (386 sq miles)

Capital City: Sao Tome

Population: 199,910 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Portuguese

Boarding Countries: None (Island)

Coastline: 209 km (130 miles) 

Currency: Dobra (STD)

Government: Semi-Presidential Republic


The islands are tropical, but temperature varies a good deal with altitude. Coastal temperatures average around 27°c (81°f), but the mountain regions average only 20°c (68°f). Seasons are distinguished more by a change in precipitation than by a change in temperature. From October to May, the northern regions of São Tomé and Príncipe receive between 100 and 150 cm (40 to 60 in) of rain. The southern portions receive about 380 to 510 cm (150 to 200 in).

Sao Tome and Principe

Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Sao Tome (53,300)

2. Santo Antonio (1,156)

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