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General Facts

Area: 721.5 km2 (278.6 sq miles)

Capital City: Singapore (City-State)

Population: 5,612,300 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil  

Boarding Countries: Malaysia (no land boarder)

Coastline: 193 km (120 miles)

Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)

Government: Parliamentary Republic


The climate is tropical, with heavy rainfall and high humidity. The range of temperature is slight; the average annual maximum is 31°c (88°f), and the average minimum 24°c (75°f). The annual rainfall of 237 cm (93 in) is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year, ranging from 39 cm (15 in) in December to 28 cm (11 in) in May. It rains about one day in two.

Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Singapore (5,612,300)

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