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General Facts

Area: 17,364 km2 (6,704 sq miles)

Capital City: Lobamba, Mbabane

Population: 1,343,098 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Swazi, English

Boarding Countries: South Africa, Mozambique

Coastline: None 

Currency: South African Rand (ZAR), Swazi Lilangeni (SZL)

Government: Parliamentary Absolute Diarchy


The high veld has a humid near-temperate climate with about 140 cm (55 in) of mean annual rainfall. The middle veld is subtropical and somewhat drier, with about 85 cm (33 in) of annual rainfall; the low veld, almost tropical, is sub-humid, receiving about 60 cm (24 in) of rain in an average year. Rainfall tends to be concentrated in a few violent storms in the summer (October–March). Temperatures range from as low as -3°c (27°f) in winter in the highlands to as high as 42°c (108°f) in summer in the lowlands. At Mbabane, temperatures average 20°c (68°f) in January and 12°c (54°f) in July.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Manzini (110,537)

2. Mbabane (76,218)

3. Big Bend (10,342)

4. Malkerns (9,724)

5. Nhlangano (9,016)

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