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General Facts

Area: 450,295 km2 (173,860 sq miles)

Capital City: Stockholm

Population: 10,135,303 (2018 census)

Official Languages: Swedish, Finnish, Meankieli, Sami, Romani, Yiddish

Boarding Countries: Norway, Finland

Coastline: 3,218 km (2,000 miles) 

Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)

Government: Constitutional Monarchy


Because of maritime influences Sweden has higher temperatures than its northerly latitude would suggest. Stockholm averages -3°c (26°f) in February and 18°c (64°f) in July. There is a wide divergence of climate between northern and southern Sweden: the north has a winter of more than seven months and a summer of less than three, while Skane in the south has a winter of about two months and a summer of more than four. Annual rainfall averages 61 cm (24 in) and is heaviest in the southwest and along the frontier between Norrland and Norway. The maximum rainfall occurs in late summer, and the minimum in early spring. There is considerable snowfall, and in the north snow remains on the ground for about half the year. Ice conditions in the surrounding seas, especially the Gulf of Bothnia, often are severe in winter and seriously interfere with navigation.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Stockholm (1,515,017)

2. Gothenburg (572,799)

3. Malmo (301,706)

4. Uppsala (149,245)

5. Sollentuna (139,606)

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