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General Facts

Area: 143,100 km2 (55,300 sq miles)

Capital City: Dushanbe

Population: 8,734,951 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Tajik  

Boarding Countries: China, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan

Coastline: None

Currency: Somoni (TJS)

Government: Presidential Constitutional Republic


The climate ranges from semiarid to polar. In the semiarid regions, extreme temperatures have reached 48°c (118°f) in the summer. In the eastern Pamirs, winter temperatures have dropped as low as -60°c (-76°f). The national mean temperature in July is 30°c (86°f). The mean temperature in January is 0°c (32°f). Rainfall in most of the country averages 70 to 160 cm (28 to 63 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Dushanbe (679,400)

2. Khujand (144,865)

3. Kulob (78,786)

4. Kurgan-Tyube (65,000)

5. Istaravshan (52,851)

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