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General Facts

Area: 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq miles)

Capital City: Bangkok

Population: 68,863,514 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Thai  

Boarding Countries: Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia

Coastline: 3,219 km (2000 miles)

Currency: Baht (THB)

Government: Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy under a Military Dictatorship


Thailand has a tropical climate. For much of the country there are three distinct seasons: the hot season, from March through May; the rainy or wet monsoon, June to October; and the cool season, November through February. For most of Thailand the temperature rarely falls below 13°c (55°f) or rises above 35°c (95°f), with most places averaging between 24°c and 30°c (75°f and 86°f). The annual rainfall ranges from 102 cm (40 in) in the northeast to over 380 cm (150 in) in the peninsula. Bangkok has an average annual temperature of 28°c (82°f); monthly mean temperatures range from a low of around 25°c (77°f) in December to a high of around 30°c (86°f) in May, and annual rainfall is about 150 cm (59 in).

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Bangkok (5,104,476)

2. Samut Prakan (388,920)

3. Nonthaburi (291,555)

4. Udon Thani (247,231)

5. Chon Buri (219,164)

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