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The Gambia

General Facts

Area: 10,689 km2 (4,127 sq miles)

Capital City: Banjul

Population: 2,051,363 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: English

Boarding Countries: Senegal

Coastline: 80 km (50 miles) 

Currency: Dalasi (GMD)

Government: Presidential Republic


The Gambia has a subtropical climate with distinct cool and hot seasons. From November to mid-May there is uninterrupted dry weather, with temperatures as low as 16°c (61°f) in Banjul and surrounding areas. Hot, humid weather predominates the rest of the year, with a rainy season from June to October; during this period, temperatures may rise as high as 43°c (109°f) but are usually lower near the sea. Mean temperatures range from 23°c (73°f) in January to 27°c (81°f) in June along the coast, and from 24°c (75°f) in January to 32°c (90°f) in May inland. The average annual rainfall ranges from 92 cm (36 in) in the interior to 145 cm (57 in) along the coast.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Serrekunda (340,000)

2. Brikama (77,700)

3. Bakau (43,098)

4. Banjul (34,589)

5. Farafenni (29,867)

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