Area: 491,210 km2 (189,660 sq miles)
Capital City: Ashgabat
Population: 5,662,544 (2016 estimate)
Official Languages: Turkmen
Boarding Countries: Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan
Coastline: 1,768 km (1,099 miles) - Coastline of landlocked Caspian Sea.
Currency: Turkmen New Manat (TMT)
Government: Authoritarian Presidential Republic
The climate is arid continental. In July the mean temperature is 28°c (82°f). The mean temperature in January is -4°c (25°f). It can become very hot in the Kara Kum desert, with daytime temperatures of 50°c (122°f) not unusual. It does not rain much in Turkmenistan. Rainfall averages 25 cm (9.8 in) a year).