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General Facts

Area: 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq miles)

Capital City: Kiev

Population: 42,418,235 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: Ukranian

Boarding Countries: Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova

Coastline: 3,783 km (2,351 miles) 

Currency: Ukrainian Hryvnia (UAH)

Government: Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic


The climate is subtropical on the Crimean Peninsula. Precipitation is disproportionately distributed, highest in the west and north, least in the east and southeast. Winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland. Summers are warm across the greater part of the country, except for the south where it becomes hot. The rest of the country's climate is temperate. The mean temperature in July is about 10°c (66°f). In January, however, the mean temperature drops to -6°c (21°f). Average rainfall is 50 cm (20 in) a year, with variations in different regions.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Kiev (2,797,553)

2. Kharkiv (1,430,885)

3. Dnipro (1,032,822)

4. Donetsk (1,024,700)

5. Odesa (1.001.558)

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