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United Arab Emirates

General Facts

Area: 83,600 km2 (32,300 sq miles)

Capital City: Abu Dhabi

Population: 9,269,612 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Arabic 

Boarding Countries: Oman, Saudi Arabia

Coastline: 1,318 km (819 miles)

Currency: UAE Dirham (AED)

Government: Constitiutional Monarchy


The climate of the UAE generally is very hot and sunny. The hottest months are July and August, when average maximum temperatures reach above 50 °C (122.0 °F) on the coastal plain. In the Al Hajar al Gharbi Mountains, temperatures are considerably cooler, a result of increased altitude. Average minimum temperatures in January and February are between 10 and 14 °C (50.0 and 57.2 °F). During the late summer months, a humid southeastern wind known as the sharqi makes the coastal region especially unpleasant. The average annual rainfall in the coastal area is fewer than 120 mm (4.7 in), but in some mountainous areas annual rainfall often reaches 350 mm (13.8 in). Rain in the coastal region falls in short, torrential bursts during the summer months, sometimes resulting in floods in ordinarily dry wadi beds. The region is prone to occasional, violent dust storm, which can severely reduce visibility.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Dubai (1,137,347)

2. Abu Dhabi (603,492)

3. Sharjah (543,733)

4. Al Ain (408,733)

5. Ajman (226,172)

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