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United Kingdom

General Facts

Area: 242,495 km2 (93,628 sq miles)

Capital City: London

Population: 65,648,100 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: English

Boarding Countries: Ireland

Coastline: 12,429 km (7,723 miles) 

Currency: Pound Sterling (GBP)

Government: Constitutional Monarchy


Despite its northern latitude, the United Kingdom generally enjoys a temperate climate, warmed by the North Atlantic Drift, a continuation of the Gulf Stream, and by southwest winds. Mean monthly temperatures range (north to south) from 3°c to 5°c (37–41°f) in winter and from 12°c to 16°c (54–61°f) in summer. The mean annual temperature in the west near sea level ranges from 8°c (46°f) in the Hebrides to 11°c (52°f) in the far southwest of England. Rarely do temperatures rise in summer to over 32°c (90°f) or drop in winter below -10°c (14°f). Rainfall, averaging more than 100 cm (40 in) throughout the United Kingdom, is heaviest on the western and northern heights (over 380 cm/150 in), lowest along the eastern and southeastern coasts.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. London (7,556,900)

2. Birmingham (984,333)

3. Liverpool (864,122)

4. Nottingham (729,977)

5. Sheffield (685,368)

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