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General Facts

Area: 448,978 km2 (173,351 sq miles)

Capital City: Tashkent

Population: 32,979,000 (2017 estimate)

Official Languages: Uzbek  

Boarding Countries: Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan

Coastline: None

Currency: Uzbekistani So'm (UZS)

Government: Authoritarian Presidential Republic 


The climate is mid-latitude climatic desert. Temperatures range from 26° to 32°c (79° to 90°f) in the summer, with much higher figures in the desert. Average winter temperatures are between -6° and 2°c (21° to 36°f). There is very little rainfall in the country. The best watered areas only receive about 30 cm (12 in) annually.

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Tashkent (1,978,028)

2. Namangan (432,456)

3. Samarkand (319,366)

4. Andijan (318,419)

5. Bukhara (247,644)

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