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General Facts

Area: 331,231 km2 (128,889 sq miles)

Capital City: Hanoi

Population: 94,569,072 (2016 estimate)

Official Languages: Vietnamese  

Boarding Countries: China, Cambodia, Laos

Coastline: 3,444 km (2,140 miles)

Currency: Dong (VND)

Government: Marxist-Leninist One-Party Socialist Republic 


While there are slight variations in temperature, depending on the season and the altitude, the primary seasonal changes are marked by variations in rainfall. In the north, the rainy season extends from mid-April to mid-October; the city of Hanoi has a mean annual rainfall of 172 cm (68 in), and in the mountains, annual rainfall sometimes exceeds 406 cm (160 in). During the rainy season, the average temperature in Hanoi is about 30°c (86 f). The south is more tropical; temperatures in Ho Chi Minh City vary only from 18–33°c (64–91°f) throughout the year. Temperatures in the Central Highlands are somewhat cooler, ranging from a mean of about 17°c (63°f) in winter to 20°c (68°f) in summer. The rainy season extends from early May to November, with annual rainfall averaging about 200 cm (79 in) in lowland regions. The typhoon season lasts from July through November, with the most severe storms occurring along the central coast. 

Five Largest Cities/Towns: 

1. Ho Chi Minh City (3,467,331)

2. Hanoi (1,431,270)

3. Da Nang (752,493)

4. Haiphong (602,695)

5. Bien Hoa (407,208)

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